The Berlin Wall Memorial is the central memorial site of German division, located in the middle of the capital. Situated at the historic site on Bernauer Strasse, it extends along 1.4 kilometers of the former border strip.
The memorial contains the last piece of Berlin Wall with the preserved grounds behind it and is thus able to convey an impression of how the border fortifications developed until the end of the 1980s. The events that took place here together with the preserved historical remnants and traces of border obstacles on display help to make the history of Germany's division comprehensible to visitors.
The memorial is part of the Berlin Wall Foundation, which also includes the Marienfelde Refugee Center Museum, the central site dedicated to the history of flight and emigration in divided Germany.
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Checkpoint Charlie (or "Checkpoint C") was the name given by the Western Allies to the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War (1947-1991).
GDR leader Walter Ulbricht agitated and maneuvered to get the Soviet Union's permission to construct the Berlin Wall in 1961 to stop Eastern Bloc emigration westward through the Soviet border system, preventing escape across the city sector border from communist East Berlin into free West Berlin.
Checkpoint Charlie became a symbol of the Cold War, representing the separation of East and West. Soviet and American tanks briefly faced each other at the location during the Berlin Crisis of 1961.After the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc and the reunification of Germany, the building at Checkpoint Charlie became a tourist attraction.
It is now located in the Allied Museum in the Dahlem neighborhood of Berlin.
The Kollhoff-Tower stands on the northern edge of the Potsdamer Platz district. The building bears the name of Berlin architect Hans Kollhoff, a member of the international team of architects, headed by Renzo Piano, who designed the 19 buildings for the new Potsdamer Platz district.After four years of construction, the Kollhoff-Tower was completed in 1999.
Soaring 25 storeys high, the building creates a dynamic interaction between height and volume as its step-like façade tapers to a slender peak. The roofs of the broad lower wings of the building are covered with grass.The ground floor was designed as a colonnade and houses a number of restaurants and shops.
The upper floors are used for office space. The crowning glory of the tower is the PANORAMAPUNKT on the 24th and 25th floors, offering visitors an open-air viewing platform, an exhibition on the history of the area and a café with an outdoor terrace.The tower is clad in dark peat-fired brinks, which stand out clearly from the rest of the buildings and provide a stylistic counterpoint to the geometric glass façades of the adjacent high-rises designed by Renzo Piano and Helmut Jahn.
Together, the three buildings form a striking architectural ensemble at Potsdamer Platz.With its granite walls and terrazzo floors, the foyer resonates with beauty and elegance.
The Topography of Terror (German: Topographie des Terrors) is an outdoor and indoor history museum in Berlin, Germany.
It is located on Niederkirchnerstrasse, formerly Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse, on the site of buildings which during the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945 were the headquarters of the Gestapo and the SS, the principal instruments of repression during the Nazi era.
The Berlin Philharmonic (German: Berliner Philharmoniker), is an orchestra based in Berlin, Germany and is consistently ranked as one of the best orchestras in the world.
Potsdamer Platz, the premium city quarter in the middle of Berlin, was opened on 2nd October 1998. It comprises 17 buildings, ten streets and two squares.
Besides offices and apartments, this quarter boasts two hotels, a cinema, three theatres, one casino, two night clubs, health centres, a shopping mall with 130 specialist shops as well as 50 restaurants, bars and cafés – more than 480 national and international companies have their branches here.